Epirubicin 30 mg/m2 IV Days 1, 15 Bleomycin 10 mg/m2 IV Days 1, 15 Vinblastine 6 mg/m2 IV Days 1, 15 Methotrexate 30 mg/m2 IV Days 1, 15 Methylprednisolone 120 mg/m2 IV Days 1, 15
Repeat cycle every 28 days for 3 cycles followed by extended field RT
le Maignan C et al. Three cycles of adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) or epirubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and methotrexate (EBVM) plus extended field radiation therapy in early and intermediate Hodgkin disease: 10-year results of a randomized trial. Blood 2004; 103:58
386 adult patients with early/intermediate Hodgkin disease (HD) were randomly assigned to receive 3 cycles of adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine (an alkylating agent), and methylprednisolone (ABVDm, arm A) or epirubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, methotrexate, and methylprednisolone (EBVMm, arm E), a combination without alkylating agent. Responding patients received extended field radiation therapy (RT). Postchemotherapy complete remission and 10-year freedom from progression rates were higher in arm A (79.5% and 91.4%) than in arm E (70.4%, P = .04, and 80%, P < .002). HD mortality (HDM), treatment-related mortality (TRM), and overall survival (OS) were similar in both arms (A, 2.1%, 7.5%, and 90.4%; B, 3.9%, 5.5%, and 90.3%). However TRM and OS rates were lower in patients aged 40 years or older (P < .005), reflecting the increasing incidence of background fatal events with increasing age. Finally, event-free survival (EFS) was higher in arm A (84.6%) than in arm E (74.9%, P < .02). In patients aged younger than 40 years in arm A (74%), 10-year EFS and OS rates were 88.9% and 95.4% with HDM and TRM rates as low as 0.7% and 3%. Three courses of ABVDm plus RT are the best available option for treating early or intermediate HD.